Mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor subtypes.
Neill JD. et al
GnRH II, originally discovered in the chicken hypothalamus was recently reported to be expressed in the mammalian hypothalamus as well. A search of the recently-sequenced human genome identified a 7TM/GPCR on chromosome 1 that exhibited a higher identity with non-mammalian vertebrate GnRH II receptors (55%) than with the human GnRH I receptor (39%). Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequencing of this putative GnRH II receptor cDNA from monkey pituitary gland revealed a 379 amino acid receptor that, unlike the GnRH I receptor, possessed a C-terminal tail. Heterologous expression and functional testing of the receptor in COS-1 cells confirmed its identity as a GnRH II receptor: measurement of 3H-inositol phosphate accumulation revealed EC(50)s for GnRH II of 0.86 nM and for GnRH I of 337 nM. The functions of the GnRH II receptor are unknown but may include regulation of gonadotropin secretion, female sexual behavior, or tumor cell growth. In human, GnRH II receptor appears to be a pseudogene.